Table of Contents
What exactly are mutual funds?
A mutual fund is a business that pools money from several investors and invests it in securities such as stocks, bonds, and short-term loans. The portfolio of the mutual fund is its total holdings. Mutual funds are purchased by investors. Each share represents a shareholder’s interest in the fund and the income it generates.
What are the types of mutual funds?
- Mutual funds based on Investment Principals
1. Equity mutual funds
2. Debt mutual funds
3. Hybrid mutual funds
Equity mutual funds
A fund that invests largely in stock markets is known as an equity fund. The majority of the fund’s assets are invested in corporate equities. It is sometimes referred to as a stock fund. The fundamental goal of an equity mutual fund is to outperform fixed income instruments such as FDs and debt funds in terms of returns. By investing in these funds, investors are contributing to the growth of firms. These funds are appropriate for investors seeking to achieve their financial goals of wealth creation.
The following major categories of equity mutual funds include equity large cap funds, equity mid cap funds, equity small cap funds, equity sector funds, equity index funds, and equity tax saving funds.
One of the circular’s most essential arguments is that different types of Mutual Funds schemes should be clearly differentiated in terms of investment strategy and asset allocation. The schemes will be divided into the following groups.
Debt Mutual Funds
Mutual funds that invest in debt products are called debt funds. They are classified according to the type of debt securities in which they invest.
The greater the debtor’s credit rating, the smaller the danger of default; nevertheless, returns on such instruments may be lower. The shorter the length of the debt, the lower the likelihood of interest rate volatility, and hence the lower the uncertainty of returns.
Debt funds can be divided into two types according on the issuer: guilt funds and corporate bond funds.
As the name implies, hybrid funds invest in a combination of debt and equity funds to get the benefits of both. They can be classed as debt focused or equity oriented hybrid mutual funds based on the proportion of investments in debt or equity.
- Schemes Based on the Maturity Period
Based on the maturity time, there are several different types of mutual fund schemes:
• Open Ended Funds
• Close Ended Funds
• Interval Funds
Open Ended Funds
This plan allows investors to purchase or sell units at any time. It also does not have a set maturity date. For investment and redemption, you deal directly with the Mutual Fund.
The most important quality is liquidity. You can purchase or sell your units at net asset value (“NAV”)-related pricing. The vast majority of mutual funds, at 59%, are open-end funds.
Closed Ended Scheme
This type of plan has a set maturity time, and investors can only invest during the first launch period, referred to as the New Fund Offer (NFO).
No further investments are authorised once the deal closes. Because of the demand and supply condition, unit holders’ expectations, and other market considerations, the market price at the stock exchange may differ from the scheme’s Net Asset Value (NAV).
Some closed-ended schemes will allow you to sell your units directly to mutual funds through periodic buyback at NAV-related pricing.
Direct vs Regular Mutual Fund: Which is better?
Every mutual fund is available in two varieties: direct mutual funds and conventional mutual funds.
One significant difference is that ordinary mutual funds (MFs) carry a distribution commission whereas direct mutual funds do not. This raises the expense ratio of conventional funds. The expense ratio is the ratio of the fund’s total expenditures to assets under management (AUM).
This is one of the reasons why direct mutual funds are superior to traditional ones. However, there are additional reasons why direct MFs are preferable to standard MFs for investors.
Difference Between Direct and Regular Mutual Funds
Low expense ratio
Direct mutual funds have a substantially lower expense ratio (fees imposed by the mutual fund provider). So, if a scheme charges 0.2% as an expense ratio, it simply indicates that 0.2% of AUM would be used to cover the funds’ running and administrative expenditures.
When investing in regular funds, most customers seek the advice of their favourite mutual fund adviser or a local financial advising service provider.
However, the advisor’s charge is paid out of your pocket. It is taken from your investment and paid directly to the adviser or agency. This is largely part of the fund’s expense ratio. As a result, greater commissions result in a higher expense ratio for mutual funds.
There are no transaction fees or distribution expenses in mutual fund direct programs. As a result, the expenditure ratio is substantially lower.
Any direct mutual fund’s returns are always higher than the standard form of the identical mutual fund. The ‘expense ratio’ is the key cause behind this. As previously stated, the direct plan has a lower expenditure ratio than the normal plan.
Any direct mutual fund’s Net Asset Value, or NAV, is always greater than the ordinary form of the same mutual fund.
It indicates the value of one mutual fund unit and is calculated by dividing the total assets owned by the fund by the number of units outstanding.
You are in Command.
Direct funds provide you complete control over your mutual fund investments. Being in charge also implies that you must undertake your own research into the finances. A little more effort on your part may go a long way.
You will have a thorough grasp of how mutual funds function, how AMCs handle transactions, how to update your KYC, and a variety of other procedural duties that will empower you as an investor. While most people are fine with commission-based brokers handling their assets, it may be beneficial to take a more active approach to your long-term financial goals.
Learn about the AMC you want to invest in and compare their funds, or use the services provided by wealth management sites such as Groww to design your own portfolio or invest in a pre-made portfolio depending on your needs.
Let us now look at some of the best Mutual Funds for beginners and new investors, as well as their historical performance.
In India, below is a list of mutual funds for beginners.
If you are a first-time investor, you might consider investing in one of India’s premier Mutual Fund investment programs. Please bear in mind that performing your own market and fund research is crucial before making a substantial investment decision. In light of this, let us examine some of these funds-
Investing Method for Beginners to invest in Mutual Funds.
SIP stands for Systematic Investment Plan, which is a common investing method that allows investors to invest a certain amount of money in a mutual fund or other investment plan at regular intervals.
Use our Own SIP Calculator which will help you decide on Your Investment Strategy. Click Here
The SIP calculator is a tool that assists investors in determining the future value of their investments via a systematic investment plan. It computes the amount of wealth that an investor may develop over time by investing a set amount of money at regular periods. To predict the future value of an investment, the calculator considers criteria such as the investment amount, investment time, estimated rate of return, and frequency of investment.
SIP calculators can be found on many financial websites and may be used by anybody who wants to better plan their finances. With a SIP calculator, investors may make educated investment decisions and select the best investment plan for their financial goals and risk profile.